Scotland Travel Guide

Scotland Hotels

Scotland Travel Destination
Aberdeen, Scotland
Aberdeenairport, Scotland
Airth, Scotland
Aviemore, Scotland
Dundee, Scotland
Edinburgh, Scotland
Edinburghairport, Scotland
Fortwilliam, Scotland
Glasgow, Scotland
Glasgowairport, Scotland
Inverness, Scotland
Invernessnairn, Scotland
Lochlomond, Scotland

Scotland Tourism:
Edinburgh Attractions
Glasgow Attractions
St Andrews Attractions
Inner Hebrides Attractions
Aberdeen Attractions
Aviemore Area Attractions

Scotland Directory & Scotland Travel Information

Scotland Early History
Scotland Roman Influence

Scotland Medieval Period

Scotland Modern History

Scotland Etymology
Scotland Government & Politics

Scotland Administrative Subdivisions

Scotland Within The UK

Scotland Law & Criminal Justice
Scotland Geography & Natural History

Scotland Geology & Geomorphology
Scotland Climate
Scotland Flora & Fauna

Scotland Economy & Infrastructure

Demography of Scotland
Education in Education
Religion in Scotland

Healthcare in Scotland

Culture of Scotland

Sports in Scotland
Scotland National Symbols

Map of Scotland


Scotland Vacation Trips

Trip Holidays Switzerland offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations. We feature links, resources and large selection of budget airlines, chartered planes, sea cruises, ferries, travel agencies, land transports and attractions including beaches, medical tourism, retirement homes, historical and pilgrimage tours.


Scotland Geology and Geomorphology

The whole of Scotland was covered by ice sheets during the Pleistocene ice ages and the landscape is much affected by glaciation. From a geological perspective the country has three main sub-divisions. The Highlands and Islands lie to the north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault, which runs from Arran to Stonehaven. This part of Scotland largely comprises ancient rocks from the Cambrian and Precambrian which were uplifted during the later Caledonian Orogeny. It is interspersed with igneous intrusions of a more recent age, the remnants of which have formed mountain massifs such as the Cairngorms and Skye Cuillins. A significant exception to the above are the fossil-bearing beds of Old Red Sandstones found principally along the Moray Firth coast. The Highlands are generally mountainous and the highest elevations in the British Isles are found here. Scotland has over 790 islands, divided into four main groups: Shetland, Orkney, and the Inner Hebrides and Outer Hebrides. There are numerous bodies of freshwater including Loch Lomond and Loch Ness. Some parts of the coastline consist of machair, a low lying dune pasture land.

The Central Lowlands is a rift valley mainly comprising Paleozoic formations. Many of these sediments have economic significance for it is here that the coal and iron bearing rocks that fuelled Scotland's industrial revolution are to be found. This area has also experienced intense volcanism, Arthur’s Seat in Edinburgh being the remnant of a once much larger volcano. This area is relatively low-lying, although even here hills such as the Ochils and Campsie Fells are rarely far from view.

The Southern Uplands are a range of hills almost 200 kilometres (125 mi) long, interspersed with broad valleys. They lie south of a second fault line that runs from the Rhinns of Galloway to Dunbar.The geological foundations largely comprise Silurian deposits laid down some 4–500 million years ago. The high point of the Southern Uplands is Merrick with an elevation of 843 m (2,766 ft).


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Scotland Travel Destination
Aberdeen Scotland - Aberdeenairport Scotland - Airth Scotland - Aviemore Scotland - Dundee Scotland
Edinburgh Scotland -
Edinburghairport Scotland - Fortwilliam Scotland - Glasgow Scotland - Glasgowairport Scotland
Inverness Scotland - Invernessnairn Scotland - Lochlomond Scotland

Scotland Travel Informations and Scotland Travel Guide
Scotland Early History - Scotland Roman Influence - Scotland Medieval Period - Scotland Modern History
Scotland Etymology - Scotland Government & Politics - Scotland Administrative Subdivisions - Scotland Within The UK
Scotland Law & Criminal Justice - Scotland Geography & Natural History - Scotland Geology & Geomorphology
Scotland Climate - Scotland Flora & Fauna - Scotland Economy & Infrastructure - Demography of Scotland
Education in Education - Religion in Scotland - Healthcare in Scotland - Culture of Scotland
Sports in Scotland - Scotland National Symbols - Map of Scotland

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Scotland, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia,
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